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Hiv/Aids National Institute on Drug Abuse

Hiv/Aids

National Institute on Drug Abuse

Published
ISBN :
Kindle Edition
19 pages
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 About the Book 

It is hard to believe that the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic has been with us for a quarter of a century now. Today, an entire generation of young adults has never known a world withoutMoreIt is hard to believe that the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic has been with us for a quarter of a century now. Today, an entire generation of young adults has never known a world without HIV/AIDS.Early in the epidemic, drug abuse and HIV were typically connected in people’s minds with injection drug use and needle sharing. However, this view greatly underestimates the impact that drug abuse can have on the spread of HIV and AIDS through the dangerous risk behaviors it engenders. Drug and alcohol intoxication affect judgment and can lead to risky sexual behaviors that put people in danger of contracting or transmitting HIV. In addition, substance abuse may facilitate the progression of HIV infections by further compromising the immune system.Initially characterized by relatively localized outbreaks, HIV/AIDS has now become a pandemic that has literally put the world at risk, affecting diverse populations in different ways. And while all nations are affected by HIV/AIDS, each faces differing underlying causes requiring customized prevention and treatment strategies.